Critical thinking is the objective analysis of facts to form a judgment. The
subject is complex, and several different definitions exist, which generally include the rational, skeptical, unbiased
analysis, or evaluation of factual evidence. Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and
self-corrective thinking. It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It
entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism and
Study skills, academic skill, or study strategies are approaches applied to learning. They are generally critical to success
in school, considered essential for acquiring good grades, and useful for learning throughout one's life.
Study skills are an array of skills which tackle the process of organizing and taking in new information, retaining information, or dealing with assessments. They include mnemonics, which aid the retention of lists of information; effective reading; concentration techniques; and efficient notetaking.
While often left up to the student and their support network, study skills are increasingly taught in high school and at the university level.
More broadly, any skill which boosts a person's ability to study, retain and recall information which assists in and passing exams can be termed a study skill, and this could include time management and motivational techniques.
Study skills are discrete techniques that can be learned, usually in a short time, and applied to all or most fields of study. They must therefore be distinguished from strategies that are specific to a particular field of study (e.g. music or technology), and from abilities inherent in the student, such as aspects of intelligence or learning styles.