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Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML)

Objective   4/13/2016

To document HTML.

HTML   Hyper Text Markup Language  6/30/2016

HTML Tutorial for Beginners

by EJ Media / 23 videos / 116,338 views / Updated today

Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) [html4 Reference - Click HERE]

What is HTML?

HTML is a markup language for describing Web Documents (Web Pages)

HTML documents are described by HTML Tags

Each HTML Tag describes Different Document Content

A small HTML Example Document:


HTML Tags are KEYWORDS (Tag Names) surrounded by Angle Brackets:

<tagname >   content    </tagname >

HTML Tags normally come in pairs like <p> and </p>

The First Tag in a Pair (Left to Right - Top to Bottom) is the START Tag, the Second Tag is the END Tag

The End Tag is written like the Start Tag, but with a SLASH before the Tag Name

It IS Best Practice to Annotate Your Pages with Comments

Comment tags <!-- and --> are used to insert comments in HTML.

<!-- Write your comments here -->

Example Explained

The DOCTYPE declaration defines the document type to be HTML

The text between <html> and </html> describes an HTML Document

The text between <head> and </head> provides Information ABOUT the document. This IS Not Displayed in the Browser.

The text between <title> and </title> provides a Title for the Document

The text between <body> and </body> describes the VISIBLE Page Content

The text between <h1> and </h1> describes a Heading

The text between <p> and </p> describes a Paragraph

Using this description, a web browser can display a document with a heading and a paragraph.

Web Browsers

The purpose of a web browser Chrome / IE / Firefox / Safari is to read HTML documents and display them. The browser does not display the HTML tags, but uses them to determine how to display the document.

Below is a visualization of an HTML page structure:

<title>Page title</title>
<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>
<p>This is another paragraph.</p>

ONLY the <body> area (the white area) is displayed by the browser.

HTML Living Standard   5/29/2016

HTML5     5/20/2016

HTML 5.1 W3C Working Draft, 10 March 2016    HTML5 Tutorials Playlist

by thenewboston / 53 videos / 1,192,516 views / Last updated on Jul 1, 2014

W3C Editor’s Draft 9 August 2010    [html5 Reference - Click HERE]

HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the Web.

It was finalized, and published, on 28 October 2014 by the Web Consortium (W3C).

This is the fifth revision of the HTML standard since the inception of the Web.

The previous version, HTML 4, was standardized in 1997.

Its core aims are to improve the language with support for the latest multimedia while keeping it easily readable by humans and consistently understood by computers and devices (web browsers, parsers, etc.).

HTML5 is intended to subsume not only HTML 4, but also XHTML 1 and DOM Level 2 HTML.

Following its immediate predecessors HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.1, HTML5 is a response to the fact that the HTML and XHTML in common use on the Web have a mixture of features introduced by various specifications, along with those introduced by software products such as web browsers and those established by common practice.

It is also an attempt to define a single markup language that can be written in either HTML or XHTML.

It includes detailed processing models to encourage more interoperable implementations; it extends, improves and rationalizes the markup available for documents, and introduces markup and application programming interfaces (APIs) for complex web applications.

For the same reasons, HTML5 is also a potential candidate for cross-platform mobile applications.

Many features of HTML5 have been designed with low-powered devices such as smartphones and tablets taken in to consideration.

In December 2011, research firm Strategy Analytics forecast sales of HTML5 compatible phones would top 1 billion in 2013.

In particular, HTML5 adds many new syntactic features.

These include the new video, audio and canvas elements, as well as the integration of scalable vector graphics (SVG) content (replacing generic object tags) and MathML for mathematical formulas.

These features are designed to make it easy to include and handle multimedia and graphical content on the web without having to resort to proprietary plugins and APIs.

Other new page structure elements, such as main, section, article, header, footer, aside, nav and figure, are designed to enrich the semantic content of documents.

New attributes have been introduced, some elements and attributes have been removed and some elements, such as a, cite and menu have been changed, redefined or standardized.

The APIs and Document Object Model (DOM) are no longer afterthoughts, but are fundamental parts of the HTML5 specification.

HTML5 also defines in some detail the required processing for invalid documents so that syntax errors will be treated uniformly by all conforming browsers and other user agents.

Dive Into HTML5   4/14/2016

Links   4/22/2016

  3. HTML 5 Flash Card App – Powered with Backbone and Node.js
  4. H5P Flashcards tutorial
  5. Processing on the web
    This page tries to explain how to quickly and (as) correctly (as possible) use Processing sketches on webpages. The information is based on the work done by the processing.js group.

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