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Wiki Software

Objective   2/22/2016

To document popular Wiki Software.

Wiki Software   3/22/2016


Wiki software (also known as a wiki engine or wiki application) is collaborative software that runs a wiki, i.e., a website that allows users to create and collaboratively edit web pages via a web browser.

A wiki system is usually a web application that runs on one or more web servers.

The content, including all current and previous revisions, is usually stored in either a file system or a database.

Wikis are a type of web content management system, and the most commonly supported off-the-shelf software that web hosting facilities offer.

There are currently dozens of actively maintained wiki engines, in a variety of programming languages, including both open source and proprietary applications.

These vary widely in their platform support, their support for natural language characters and conventions, and in their assumptions about technical versus social control of editing.

Comparison of wiki software   3/22/2016

MediaWiki   6/8/2016


MediaWiki is a free and open-source wiki application.

It was originally developed by the Wikimedia Foundation and runs on many websites, including Wikipedia, Wiktionary and Wikimedia Commons.

It is written in the PHP programming language and uses a backend database.

The first version of the software was deployed to serve the needs of the Wikipedia encyclopedia in 2002.

Wikipedia and other Wikimedia projects continue to define a large part of the requirement set for MediaWiki.

The software is optimized to efficiently handle large projects, which can have terabytes of content and hundreds of thousands of hits per second.

Because Wikipedia is one of the world's largest websites, achieving scalability through multiple layers of caching and database replication has been a major concern for developers.

The software has more than 800 configuration settings and more than 2,000 extensions available for enabling various features to be added or changed.

On Wikipedia alone, more than 1000 automated and semi-automated bots and other tools have been developed to assist in editing.

It has also been deployed by some companies as an internal knowledge management system, and some educators have assigned students to use MediaWiki for collaborative group projects

MediaWiki Stakeholders' Group   8/27/2016

MediaWiki Stakeholders' Group

The MediaWiki Stakeholders' Group is a MediaWiki user group consisting of MediaWiki developers, system administrators, users, consultants, and hosting providers who cooperate in order to improve the software and advocate the needs of MediaWiki users outside the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) and its projects.

The group was recognized by the Affiliations Committee on November 11, 2014 and renewed in January 2016. If you want to join us, see below how to participate.

This page serves the purpose of coordinating internal tasks of the group. To be kept up-to-date on our activities, you can follow the tasks on our workboard in Phabricator. We also keep an online presence at where we write about interesting news and events happening in the MediaWiki world.

Our scope of influence is deliberately broad and meant to be flexible to encompass the needs of our diverse community. Our areas of collaboration are described below.   8/27/2016


Project used for planning by members of the MediaWiki Stakeholders group. The MediaWiki Stakeholders group consists of MediaWiki developers, admins, users, consultants, and hosting providers who cooperate in order to improve the software and advocate the needs of MediaWiki users outside the Wikimedia Foundation (WMF) and its projects.

Sites using MediaWiki   8/27/2016

MoinMoin is a wiki engine implemented in Python   3/22/2016

Wikipedia   MoinMoin

is a wiki engine implemented in Python, initially based on the PikiPiki wiki engine.

Its name is a play on the North German greeting Moin, repeated as in WikiWiki.

The MoinMoin code is licensed under the GNU General Public License v2, or (at the user's option) any later version (except some 3rd party modules that are licensed under other Free Software licenses compatible with the GPL).

Dozens of organizations use MoinMoin to run public wikis, including free software projects Ubuntu, Apache, Debian, FreeBSD.

Technical details

MoinMoin's storage mechanism is based on flat files and folders, rather than a database.

This makes it easy to manipulate the content in a text editor on the server if necessary, including managing revisions if the wiki gets attacked by spammers .

MoinMoin supports plugins and can be extended via Macros and Actions.

It also uses the idea of separate parsers (e.g. for parsing the wiki syntax) and formatters (e.g. for outputting HTML code) with a SAX-like interface between the two.

The idea is that if you want to be able to output DocBook instead of HTML, you only need to write a docbook-formatter that implements the formatter interface, and all parsers that use the interface will automatically be supported.

MoinMoin supports CamelCase linking as well as free links (non-CamelCase linking).

The CamelCase is activated by default and MoinMoin does not allow disabling CamelCase links except on a one-off basis.

The workaround to do this is to use a different parser but this option does not work with the WYSIWYG editor.

MoinMoin also has extensive support for access control lists (ACL) that greatly increase its usability in a content management system (CMS).

It also has GUI editing capabilities.

MoinMoin is able to either use a built-in search engine (rather slow, but no dependencies) or a Xapian-based indexed search engine (faster, and can also search old revisions and attached files).

MoinMoin also allows synchronization of contents from instance to instance via XML-RPC and therefore allows distributed offline editing.

The original MoinMoin "DesktopEdition" is significantly easier to use because it uses a built-in web server to display pages, requiring only Python to be installed on the host machine.

Since version 1.6.0, the "DesktopEdition" has been integrated into the standard release.

Also in this release a different markup syntax was introduced, which had not been changed much since the early releases.

Tiki   4/29/2016

Wikipedia   Tiki

Tiki Wiki Groupware or simply Tiki, originally known as TikiWiki, is a free and open source Wiki-based content management system and online office suite written primarily in PHP and distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) license.

In addition to enabling websites and portals on the internet and on intranets and extranets, Tiki contains a number of collaboration features allowing it to operate as a Geospatial Content Management System (GeoCMS) and Groupware web application.

Tiki includes all the basic features common to most CMSs such as the ability to register and maintain individual user accounts within a flexible and rich permission / privilege system, create and manage menus, RSS-feeds, customize page layout, perform logging, and administer the system.

All administration tasks are accomplished through a browser-based user interface.

Tiki features an all-in-one design, as opposed to a core+extensions model followed by other CMSs.

This allows for future-proof upgrades (since all features are released together), but has the drawback of an extremely large codebase (more than 1,000,000 lines).

Tiki can run on any computing platform that supports both a web server capable of running PHP 5 (including Apache HTTP Server, IIS, Lighttpd, Hiawatha, Cherokee, and nginx) and a MySQL database to store content and settings.

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This page was last updated April 30th, 2017 by kim

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