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Programming

Objective   2/15/2016

To provide documentation on Computer Programming.

Computer Programming   2/15/2016

Khan Academy   Wikipedia

Computer Programming (often shortened to programming) is a process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs.

Programming involves activities such as analysis, developing understanding, generating algorithms, verification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption, and implementation (commonly referred to as coding) of algorithms in a target programming language.

Source code is written in one or more programming languages.

The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.

The process of programming thus often requires expertise in many different subjects, including knowledge of the application domain, specialized algorithms and formal logic.

Related tasks include testing, debugging, and maintaining the source code, implementation of the build system, and management of derived artifacts such as machine code of computer programs.

These might be considered part of the programming process, but often the term software development is used for this larger process with the term programming, implementation, or coding reserved for the actual writing of source code.

Software engineering combines engineering techniques with software development practices.


Integrated development environment (IDE)   3/20/2016

Wikipedia

An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development.

An IDE normally consists of a source code editor, build automation tools and a debugger.

Most modern IDEs have an intelligent code completion.

Some IDEs contain a compiler, interpreter, or both, such as NetBeans and Eclipse; others do not, such as SharpDevelop and Lazarus.

The boundary between an integrated development environment and other parts of the broader software development environment is not well-defined.

Sometimes a version control system, or various tools to simplify the construction of a Graphical User Interface (GUI), are integrated.

Many modern IDEs also have a class browser, an object browser, and a class hierarchy diagram, for use in object-oriented software development.

Overview

Integrated development environments are designed to maximize programmer productivity by providing tight-knit components with similar user interfaces.

IDEs present a single program in which all development is done.

This program typically provides many features for authoring, modifying, compiling, deploying and debugging software.

This contrasts with software development using unrelated tools, such as vi, GCC or make.

One aim of the IDE is to reduce the configuration necessary to piece together multiple development utilities, instead providing the same set of capabilities as a cohesive unit.

Reducing that setup time can increase developer productivity, in cases where learning to use the IDE is faster than manually integrating all of the individual tools.

Tighter integration of all development tasks has the potential to improve overall productivity beyond just helping with setup tasks.

For example, code can be continuously parsed while it is being edited, providing instant feedback when syntax errors are introduced.

That can speed learning a new programming language and its associated libraries.

Some IDEs are dedicated to a specific programming language, allowing a feature set that most closely matches the programming paradigms of the language.

However, there are many multiple-language IDEs, such as Eclipse, ActiveState Komodo, IntelliJ IDEA, MyEclipse, Oracle JDeveloper, NetBeans, Codenvy and Microsoft Visual Studio.

Xcode, Xojo and Delphi are dedicated to a closed language or set of programming languages.

While most modern IDEs are graphical, text-based IDEs such as Turbo Pascal were in popular use before the widespread availability of windowing systems like Microsoft Windows and the X Window System (X11).

They commonly use function keys or hotkeys to execute frequently used commands or macros.

Eclipse   3/20/2016

Wikipedia   Eclipse

In computer programming, Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE).

It contains a base workspace and an extensible plug-in system for customizing the environment.

Eclipse is written mostly in Java and its primary use is for developing Java applications, but it may also be used to develop applications in other programming languages through the use of plugins, including: Ada, ABAP, C, C++, COBOL, Fortran, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, Lasso, Lua, NATURAL, Perl, PHP, Prolog, Python, R, Ruby (including Ruby on Rails framework), Scala, Clojure, Groovy, Scheme, and Erlang.

It can also be used to develop packages for the software Mathematica.

Development environments include the Eclipse Java development tools (JDT) for Java and Scala, Eclipse CDT for C/C++ and Eclipse PDT for PHP, among others.

The initial codebase originated from IBM VisualAge. The Eclipse software development kit (SDK), which includes the Java development tools, is meant for Java developers.

Users can extend its abilities by installing plug-ins written for the Eclipse Platform, such as development toolkits for other programming languages, and can write and contribute their own plug-in modules.

Released under the terms of the Eclipse Public License, Eclipse SDK is free and open-source software (although it is incompatible with the GNU General Public License).

It was one of the first IDEs to run under GNU Classpath and it runs without problems under IcedTea.

IntelliJ IDEA   3/20/2016

Wikipedia   IntelliJ IDEA

IntelliJ IDEA is a Java integrated development environment (IDE) for developing computer software.

It is developed by JetBrains (formerly known as IntelliJ), and is available as an Apache 2 Licensed community edition, and in a proprietary commercial edition.

Both can be used for commercial development.

Netbeans   3/20/2016

Wikipedia   Netbeans

NetBeans is a software development platform written in Java.

The NetBeans Platform allows applications to be developed from a set of modular software components called modules.

Applications based on the NetBeans Platform, including the NetBeans integrated development environment (IDE), can be extended by third party developers.

The NetBeans IDE is primarily intended for development in Java, but also supports other languages, in particular PHP, C/C++ and HTML5.

NetBeans is cross-platform and runs on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Solaris and other platforms supporting a compatible JVM.

The NetBeans Team actively support the product and seek feature suggestions from the wider community.

Every release is preceded by a time for Community testing and feedback.

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This page was last updated April 30th, 2017 by kim

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